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Definitions

If you are in immediate danger, please call 911. If you need immediate help or support after a sexual assault please call Campus Security at (704) 337-2306.  You can also seek medical and emotional support from Student Health and Wellness Services (704) 337-2220 (Mon-Fri 9am-5pm & Wed. 11am-5pm)

Sexual misconduct is defined as a range of behaviors used by an individual or group of individuals to obtain sexual gratification without explicit consent and/or at the expense of another.  At Queens we consider the four examples below to constitute violations of our sexual misconduct policy:

Sexual Harassment: The determination of what constitutes sexual  harassment varies depending on the circumstances of each individual situation, but it generally encompasses any sexual attention without explicit consent, be it verbal, visual, or physical that interferes with or limits an individual's ability to participate fully in or benefit from any University program, activity, or employment.

Sexual Assault: Sexual assault is defined as any sexual touching, either directly or over clothes, however slight, with any body part or object, without explicit consent. It is also considered sexual assault if the individual is forced to touch the intimate parts of another individual.

Rape: Rape is defined as sexual penetration (anal, oral, or vaginal) of the individual by any part of another individual's body or other object, without explicit consent. It is also considered rape if the victim has a reasonable fear that the individual or another will be injured if the individual does not give explicit consent, is incapable of giving explicit consent or is prevented from resisting due to physical or mental incapacity, which may include but is not limited to the influence of drugs or alcohol, or if the individual suffers from a mental or physical disability.

Intimidating Environment: Creating an environment that is intimidating, threatening, hostile, or offensive to others.

Definitions of Sexual & Relationship Violence

What is sexual assault?
Sexual assault
 can be any form of forced sexual contact. Force can be physical or emotional (threat, intimidation, pressure, coercion). Sexual Assault is intentional and is committed either by

  • physical force, violence, threat, or intimidation;
  • ignoring the objections of another person;
  • causing another's intoxication or impairment through the use of drugs or alcohol; or
  • taking advantage of another person's incapacitation, state of intimidation, helplessness, or other inability to consent.

What is relationship violence?
Relationship violence
, also known as "dating violence" "domestic violence" or "intimate partner violence," is a chronic pattern of one partner in an intimate relationship using abuse to gain power and control over the other person. Relationships violence can include:

  • physical violence
  • sexual violence
  • psychological violence
  • emotional violence
  • economic abuse.

What is sexual misconduct?
Sexual misconduct
is sexual contact without intent to harm but also without the presence of effective consent. Sexual Misconduct occurs when

  • the act is committed without intent to harm another
  • the perpetrator fails to ask for or correctly assess whether effective consent has been given
  • unreasonably believes unreasonably that effective consent was given without having met his/her responsibility to gain effective consent.

What is sexual harassment?
Sexual harassment
includes threatening, inappropriate, unrelenting or abusive sexually explicit language or behaviors towards. Sexual harassment can include saying or doing things:

  • directly to someone
  • during a phone conversation
  • during an online conversation
  • in print or on clothing
  • and can be directed towards individuals or groups

What is sexual exploitation?
Sexual exploitation
occurs when a person or group of people takes advantage of another person by doing something sexual in a non-consensual, abusive or unjust manner. Sexual exploitation can happen in committed relationships, between friends and between strangers. Sexual exploitation includes a broad range of behaviors including:

  • Non-consensual video or audio taping of a sexual activity
  • Non-consensual photography of a sexual nature
  • Allowing other individuals to observe an act of sex without the knowledge or consent of the other partner
  • Voyeurism
  • Knowingly transmitting a STI or HIV to another person
  • Prostituting another person (personally gaining money, privilege or power from the sexual activities of another)

What is stalking?
Stalking is conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to feel fear. Stalking is serious, often violent, and can escalate over time. Stalking behaviors include:

  • Someone repeatedly calling, including hang ups
  • Following someone
  • Send unwanted gifts, letters, card or emails
  • Damage to a residence, car or other property
  • Monitoring phone calls or computer use
  • Threatening to hurt someone, tor heir family, friends or pets

Who is mostly likely to be a victim of sexual violence?
Statistically most victims are females who are victimized by males. However, ANYONE can become a victim/survivor of sexual assault regardless of gender, race, age, ability or economic status. Survivors of assault and/or abuse were victims of the perpetrator's desire for power and control. Sexual violence is most often committed by someone the victim knows. Victims NEVER bring assault or abusive behaviors on themselves because of their clothing, previous sexual history, participation in social activities, alcohol or substance use or other behavior.

Who perpetrates sexual violence?
ANYONE who uses sex or sexual situations to assert power or control over another person is a perpetrator. Someone can perpetrate sexual violence regardless of gender, race, age, ability or economic status. Anyone who strips someone of power or control using sex acts or sexual situations that include coercion, verbal threats, intimidation, physical threats, humiliation, providing alcohol or other drugs, or force is committing sexual violence.
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